Mary Carpenter’s Six Months in India (1868) and Louise Bourbonnaud’s Les Indes et L’Extrême Orient (1892) : A Postcolonial Comparative Study.
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The present dissertation is a comparative study between Mary Carpenter’s Six Months in India (1868) and Louise Bourbonnaud’s Les Indes et l’Extrême Orient (1888). The aim of the research is to demonstrate the authors’ contribution to discourses of Orientalism and Imperialism. It also re-situates the writers’ feminist discourse in a highly racialized and imperial context to understand the dynamics that govern the emergence of the female emancipative movement. To reach our purpose, we have analyzed their respective discourses in terms of Race, Gender and Nationalism. We have divided our work into three chapters. The first chapter explores the affinities the writers’ share in their racist attitudes toward the Indians following Edward Said’s Orientalism (1978). The second chapter discusses the implication of feminist principles which both writers inscribed in their texts relying on Reina Lewis’s Gendering Orientalism (1996). The third chapter depicts the divergence between the two texts relying on their (writers) nationalists’ attitudes with reference to Said’s Orientalism. The results of this analysis underscore Carpenter and Bourbonnaud’s appropriation of Orientalist and imperialist rhetoric to formulate their feminist practices and justify their presence in the exclusive Public sphere of the late nineteenth century.
- Département d'Anglais